Sunday, November 16, 2008

How ancient physics was reborn

Main purpose of this post is just to track rather fast re-introduction of ancient Aether model (possibly under influence of AWT concepts) into mainstream science again by using of online available sources. It means, this list is biased toward AWT concepts and only links to other articles with minimal comments will be presented here and the list will be extended gradually regarding to public proposals:
  1. Principia Discordia (1958)
    Discordianism is based on pantheistic idea, that chaos is all that there is, and that order and disorder are both illusions (a multiple-ego solipsism).
  2. More is different (Aug, 4, 1972)
    P.W. Anderson suggested the fundamental principle of emergence, i.e. that ‘More is Different’, meaning that complex physical systems may exhibit behavior, that cannot be understood only in terms of the laws governing their microscopic constituents. Later this claim was strengthened by proving that many macroscopic observable properties of infinite periodic Ising lattice cannot in general be derived from a it's microscopic description.
  3. Multi-Level Cosmology (1984)
    Linguist Mark Hucko proposed an alternate cosmological theory, based on multi-level Universe concept, which was elaborated recently by Wiltshire, Leith and others and which follows directly from AWT.
  4. Thermodynamics of Spacetime: The Einstein Equation of State (Apr 4, 1995 )
    T.A. Jacobson found equivalence Einstein field equation of general relativity and thermodynamic state equation ΔQ=TdS connecting heat, entropy, and temperature by using a Raychaudhuri equation and the proportionality relation between area and entropy for acceleration horizon. This perspective was generalized recently by Brustein and Hadad and it follows to Universe model composed of ideal Boltzmann gas, for which enthropy was defined originally.
  5. Fabric of reality (March 1997)
    Physicist David Deutsch proposed causual foam concept named after his book, promoting the multiverse, computational, epistemological, and evolutionary principles.
  6. Superfluid helium as a vacuum (Jun 1, 1998)
    Slava Grebenev and colleagues found that small molecules dissolved in droplets of liquid helium can rotate freely, just like they do in a vacuum.
  7. Return of the Aether (Jan 1, 1999)
    Dr. Sid Deutsch in his book makes sense out "quantum weirdness" by resurrecting a long-buried 19th century scientific concept. Only the 140-year-old idea of the ether, brought up to date to to fit modern theory, can explain these gaps.
  8. Ether Re-emerges as the Je Ne Sais Quoi of Physics (Feb 2, 1999)
    Malcom W. Browne in reaction to Dr. Frank Wilczek's issue of Physics Today in NYT article states, "'Empty' space is anything but empty; the ether lives on."
  9. Shock-wave cosmology inside a black hole (June 23, 2002)
    Joel Smoller and Blake Temple proposed mechanism of Universe formation by collision of shock waves during black hole formation, which follows from Aether wave theory, until we consider black hole a material object.
  10. Shock-wave cosmology inside a black hole (October 17, 2002)
    J. Smoller and B. Temple are presenting a shock-wave solutions, indicating a cosmological model in which the big bang arises from a localized explosion occurring inside the black hole of an asymptotically flat Schwarzschild spacetime in analogy to expyrotic cosmology.
  11. Cosmology from the Top Down (May 29, 2003)
    In his talk, Prof. S. Hawking presents observer dependent "top down" cosmology, in which universe exhibits an infinite number of histories and futures, which is consistent with AWT dispersive model of omnidirectional Universe expansion, as proposed first by J.C.Cranwell in about 2004.
  12. Process Physics: From Information Theory to Quantum Space and Matter (June 2003)
    Prof. Reg Cahill in his book presents a dynamic model, where space and matter are seen to emerge from a fundamentally random but self-organising system in a process semantic information modelling.
  13. New Theory: Universe Was Born in a Black Hole (17 September, 2003)
    Blake Temple says, the universe will emerge from all this as something like an exploded star, called a supernova, but on an enormously large scale. Einstein's equations work equally well if time runs forward or backwards. But explosive shockwaves, which include an increase in entropy, are time-irreversible. The new theory satisfies Einstein's equations reportedly, while allowing universe to expand. Compare recent podcast of Brian Greene.
  14. Spacetime and strings as an emergent phenomena (October 9, 2004)
    Ed Witten: "One thing I can tell you, though, is that most string theorist’s suspect that spacetime is a emergent Phenomena in the language of condensed matter physics". Well, not all of them, but it doesn't change the point.
  15. Final step towards the theory of everything (August 29, 2005)
    AWT was presented first in public on physforum.com, most of this discussion is archived here..
  16. An echo of black holes (November 25, 2005)
    By Dr. W. Unruh analogy sound waves in a fluid behave uncannily like light waves in space. Black holes even have acoustic counterparts. T.A. Jacobson and R. Parentani are speculating, could spacetime literally be a kind of fluid, like the ether of pre-Einsteinian physics?
  17. Life inside a black hole (10 February, 2006)
    Paul Wesson speculates about a way for you to live inside a black hole: find one that has five dimensions...
  18. Luminiferous aether and physical motivation (May 18, 2006)
    Lubos Motl represents his satiety by fact, "101 years after the discovery of special relativity, some people still think that the luminiferous aether was a well motivated idea"...
  19. You are made of space-time (12 August, 2006)
    An popular article about LQG theory and Smolin, Markopoulou and Bilson-Thompson approach to the foamy structure of space-time, driven by causual triangulation of the dynamic mesh of quantum loops.
  20. Ether Theory Challenges "Invisible Mass" (September 8, 2006)
    Glenn Starkman explains, why the presence of ether in the universe better explains the galaxies' behavior with compare to dark matter and dark energy
  21. Single-particle interference observed for macroscopic objects (September 26, 2006)
    Yves Couder and Emmanuel Fort have managed iconic double slit experiment of quantum mechanics in macroscopic particle system formed by silicon oil drop at undulating watter surface, which models probability waves of particle-particle interactions (see video section of Couder's presentations). An upcoming paper of Couder's group in PRL even suggests a quantum tunneling analogy with ordinary droplets.
  22. The universe is a string-net liquid (15 Mar, 2007)
    Wen and Levin are introducing an idea, what if electrons were not really elementary, but were formed at the ends of long "strings" of other, fundamental particles? They formulated a model in which such strings are free to move "like noodles in a soup" and weave together into huge "string-nets".
  23. Mathematician suggests extra dimensions are time-like (April 17, 2007)
    In a recent study, mathematician George Sparling examines a fundamental question of the nature of space and time. Sparling offers an alternative idea: space-time may have six dimensions, with the extra two being time-like.
  24. A Two-Time Universe? (May 15, 2007)
    USC College theoretical physicist Itzhak Bars has pioneered efforts to discern how a second dimension of time could help physicists better explain the laws of nature. (compare the Vafa's F-theory)
  25. Professor proposes theory of unparticle physics (June 11, 2007)
    Howard Georgi, a physicist at Harvard University, has published a two papers on so-called unparticles physics - a formal geometry model of scale invariant density fluctuations of Aether gas.
  26. Liquid computing theory.. (July 25, 2007)
    The brain works like a pond in which stones are thrown. The waves caused by this don't disappear immediately, but rather overlap with each other and collect information about how many stones were thrown in and how big they were. The main difference is just that the waves in the brain spread in a network of neurons and at very high speed.
  27. The Void.. (October, 2007)
    Frank Close, a Professor of Physics at Oxford University introduces a picture of space-time as acting like an elastic medium, which is reminiscent of the very ether that Einstein's work on electromagnetic radiation (p. 89).
  28. Dark Energy Explained? Maybe If Universe Is Like a Black Hole.. (October 08, 2007)
    By physicist J.W. Lee the mysterious dark energy seems to be forcing the universe to accelerate its expansion stems from the resemblance of Universe to "time reversed" black hole (compare the NS article here).
  29. New-School 'Aether' May Shed Light on Neutron Stars (October 10, 2007)
    The UM group proposes, that an aether concept may still have a place in physics: not representing a medium for light waves, but a universal preferred frame of reference that is physical in nature. Unfortunatelly, a vector-field is rather formally understood concept here.
  30. Surfer dude stuns physicists with theory of everything (6 Nov, 2007)
    A. Garrett Lisi is publishing a paper on his "An Exceptionally Simple Theory of Everything", based on explanation of particle generations by rotation of E8 Lie group, describing the most dense arrangenement of particles, formed by density fluctuation of another particles, recursivelly. (a more detailed NS article, a L. Motl's comments)
  31. Emergent spacetimes (28 Nov, 2007)
    Silke Weinfurtner in his thesis disputes a possibility, that perfect fluid sphere geometry of spacetime may be an emergent phenomenon, which has been motivated by the Analogue Gravity programme.
  32. Inhomogeneous Vacuum: An Alternative Interpretation of Curved Spacetime (14 Jan, 2008)
    After one hundred years after Einstein's “refractive” approach to gravitational light-bending and seventy years of first gravitational lens observation, strong similarities between the light propagation in a curved spacetime and that in a medium with graded refractive index were revealed. It was pointed out, that a curved spacetime is equivalent to an inhomogeneous vacuum for light propagation.
  33. Fiber-Optical Analog of the Event Horizon (March 7, 2008)
    This experimental work demonstrated, that physics of vacuum at the event horizon is analogy to spreading of waves in moving media and event horizons are formed where the local speed of the medium exceeds the wave velocity. By sending of ultrashort pulses into foamy structure of optical fibers was demonstrated the blue-shifting of light at a white-hole horizon and that system is capable of probing the quantum effects of horizons, in particular Hawking radiation.
  34. Using Causality to Solve the Puzzle of Quantum Spacetime (June 25, 2008)
    If we think of empty spacetime as some immaterial substance, consisting of a very large number of minute, structureless pieces, and if we then let these microscopic building blocks interact with one another according to simple rules dictated by gravity and quantum theor, a new approach to the decades-old problem of quantum gravity goes back to basics and shows how the building blocks of space and time pull themselves together. (readers response).
  35. The straw man of quantum physics (October 15, 2008)
    Peter Morgan points out, the violation of Bell inequalities rules out the straw man class of classical particle property models but leaves untouched the more significant class of classical random field models (discussion).
  36. The Lightness of Being: Mass, Ether, and the Unification of Forces (October 22, 2008)
    Some physicists (especially those interested in LQCD) theorize, that space is highly structured by the grid, which is the primary ingredient of physical reality and the substance from which all physical matter is formed. F. Wilczek says, the grid is a conceptual descendant of ether, that mysterious substance scientists once believed filled empty space. 
  37. Why Einstein was wrong about relativity (October 29, 2008)
    Mitchell Feigenbaum insists that Einstein's theory has nothing to do with light - whatever history and the textbooks might say. "Not only is it not necessary," he says, "but there's absolutely no room in the theory for it." Compare the R. Close's derivation of Lorentz transform by using of clock, based on wave spreading. By AWT the position of light is still somewhat special, as it forms the fastest interaction, mediating the causal information spreading for us. 
  38. Emergent Electroweak Gravity (December 15, 2008)
    Bob McElrath proposes emergent model of gravity, caused by gradients of primordial neutrino flux, thus following classical Newton's Aether and Fotio-LeSage theory of gravity. 
  39. Quantum Gravity at a Lifshitz Point (January 2, 2009)
    Inspired by phase transitions of condensed matter physics, Petr Hořava has constructed a model where space-time characteristic of relativity emerges at low energy/long distances which is able to be renormalized in a way GR itself cannot be. In a second paper, Hořava discusses that the theory has a feature from the model known as Causal Dynamical Triangulations. Hořava’s papers have led to a burst of activity on Arxiv in recent months and to a brief mention of his work in SciAm magazine.
  40. Black holes grew up before galaxies (January 7, 2009)
    New Scientist's article disputes the idea, proposed three years before, the large black holes were formed before galaxies (a "dark energy star" concept is still considered in this connection, though).
  41. A bizarre universe may be lurking in the shadows (March 04, 2009)
    By AWT antimatter never disappear from observable Universe, it was only finely divided (evaporated) into streaks of dark matter. This prediction was presented a two years before and now recent ATIC and PAMELA observations seems to support it, while interpreting the source as a result of WIMPs anihillation (compare the AWT explanation here).
  42. Remarks on the world-sheet saga (Jun 11, 2009)
    From Schroer's general reasoning follows, only 0-dimensional particles are acceptable building blocks in physics. So string theory must be a theory of point-like particle fields with infinitely many components, too. It follows that one can never include winding modes even if the target space is not simply connected and there is no T-duality.
  43. Mimicking celestial mechanics in metamaterials (July 20, 2009)
    In this experiments it has been proposed a link of energy spreading through GaInAsP metamaterial sponge to celesial mechanics, the spreading of light through vacuum in particular (formation of event horizon a photon sphere of black holes, etc.. - compare the AWT explanation here).
  44. The invariant set postulate (June 29, 2009)
    Tim Palmer proposes a new geometric framework for the foundations of quantum theory and the role played by gravity based on assumption, observable reality forms a smaller fractal subset of states in more general state space (supposedly in simmilar way, like observable density fluctutuations of gas are forming subset of many uobservable states of individual molecules).
  45. A Condensed Matter Interpretation of SM Fermions and Gauge Fields (August 9, 2009)
    In Schmelzer's intepretation not only the EM field, but all fermions (quarks as well as leptons) and all forces are described by waves of the ether.  
  46. Ultraviolet Behavior of N=8 Supergravity at Four Loops (August 17, 2009)
    Group of string theorists demonstrated, by combining desirable aspects of string theory and point-like particles they can escape the problem of infinities (viewpoint).
  47. Splitting Time from Space (November 24, 2009)
    New quantum theory of Peter Hořava topples Einstein's spacetime. Unzipping the fabric of spacetime and harking back to 19th-century notions of time could lead to a theory of quantum gravity.
  48. On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton (January 6, 2010)
    Erik Verlinde’s in arXiv preprint argues that the emergent description of gravity as being due to the exchange of closed strings can no longer be valid. In fact, it appears that strings have to be emergent too.
  49. Quantum Space Theory (April 6, 2010)
    is introducing some concepts of AWT, like the ideal gas, density gradient of space or dispersive model of red shift (TED lecture). In his own words, Thad Roberts developed his theory, while sitting in the prison for selling of NASA lunar samples stolen.
  50. What Scientific Concept Would Improve Everybody's Cognitive Toolkit? (April 6, 2011)
    Richard H. Thaler: "I am proposing that we now change the usage of the word Aether, using the old spelling, since there is no need for a term that refers to something that does not exist. Instead, I suggest we use that term to describe the role of any free parameter used in a similar way: that is, Aether is the thing that makes my theory work."

51 comments:

Zephir said...

"Cutting the threads of the spacetime fabric and reinstating the aether could lead to a theory of quantum gravity".

http://fqxi.org/community/articles/display/129

Note that Einstein Aether theory, which prof. Horava is talking about has nothing to do with particle concept of Rene Descartes, the dense Aether concept of Oliver Lodge in particular - it rather considers Aether as an abstract weak vector field, resulting in dragging momentum.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Einstein_aether_theory

Please note, luminiferous aether must be very dense environment for to be able to serve as a environment for light spreading, the highly energetic gamma and X-ray radiation in particular. It rather corresponds the idea, vacuum is formed by interior of black hole.

http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg18925381.200-life-inside-a-black-hole.html

Zephir said...

A new preprint: The Physics Surrounding the Michelson-Morley Experiment and a New Aether Theory

http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.0716

Zephir said...

The Mrs. Morgan's lecture is interesting even in the point, most of hers objections against paleobiologists could be applied in 1:1 ratio to community of theoretical physicists with respect to their ignorance of dense aether theory (AWT):

"I mean, it's a terrible thing to happen. You've got this beautiful paradigm. You've believed it through generations. Nobody has questioned it. You've been constructing fanciful things on top of it, relying on it to be as solid as a rock. And now it's whipped away from under you. What do you do? What does a scientist do in that case?

Well, we know the answer because Thomas S. Kuhn wrote a seminal treatise about this back in 1962. He said what scientists do when a paradigm fails, is, guess what, they carry on as if nothing had happened. If they haven't got a paradigm they can't ask the question. So they say, "Yes it's wrong, but supposing it was right ..." And the only other option open to them is to stop asking the questions. So that is what they have done now.

That's why you don't hear them talking about it. It's yesterday's question. Some of them have even elevated it into a principle. It's what we ought to be doing.... I am trying to suggest that, for 40-odd years, this aquatic idea has been miscategorized as lunatic fringe, and it is not lunatic fringe. And the ironic thing about it is that they are not staving off the aquatic theory to protect a theory of their own, which they've all agreed on, and they love. There's nothing there. They are staving off the aquatic theory to protect a vacuum.

How do they react when I say these things? One very common reaction I've heard about 20 times is, "But it was investigated. They conducted a serious investigation of this at the beginning, when Hardy put forward his article."

I don't believe it. For 35 years I've been looking for any evidence of any incident of that kind, and I've concluded, that that's one of the urban myths. It's never been done. I don't know quite where this diktat comes from.

Somebody up there is issuing the commandment, "Thou shalt not believe in the aquatic theory." And if you hope to make progress in this profession, and you do believe it, you'd better keep it to yourself. Because it will get in your way. So I get the impression that some parts of the scientific establishment are morphing into a kind of priesthood.

But you know, that makes me feel good. Because Richard Dawkins has told us how to treat a priesthood. He says, "Firstly, you've got to refuse to give it all the excessive awe and reverence it's been trained to receive." Right. I'll go along with that. And secondly, he says, "You must never be afraid to rock the boat."

I'll go along with that too.
"

Zephir said...

ASKED by Galileo to look through his telescope at the newly discovered four moons of Jupiter, a representative of the pope answered: "*I refuse to look at something, which my religion tells me cannot exist*".

Zephir said...

At least the article "Reviving Gravity's Aether in Einstein's Universe
" (ArXiv preprint) is the step in the right direction....

Zephir said...

Unruh: Analog gravity and black holes. (sonic black hole)

Zephir said...

Towards a Quantum Fluid Mechanical Theory of Turbulence Recent studies of turbulence in superfluid Helium indicate that turbulence in quantum fluids obeys a Kolmogorov scaling law. Such a law was previously attributed to classical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations of motion. It is suggested that turbulence in all fluids is due to quantum fluid mechanical effects. Employing a field theoretical view of the fluid flow velocity, vorticity appears as quantum filamentary strings. This in turn leads directly to the Kolmogorov critical indices for the case of fully developed turbulence.

Zephir said...

G. K. Chesterton: "It isn't that they can't see the solution. It's that they can't see the problem."

Zephir said...

Ted Jacobson: Issues in Einstein-Aether theory

Zephir said...

Professor of Physics Emeritus, Mendel Sachs: Do we see any major paradigm changes coming in the 21st century in physics – changes of fundamental ideas that underlie the material world?

Zephir said...

Phenomenology of Gravitational Aether as a solution to the Old Cosmological Constant Problem

Zephir said...

Measurement of Stimulated Hawking Emission in an Analogue System Surface waves in a trough of flowing water provide an analog system in which to study Hawking radiation.

Zephir said...

Milia Margulis Hypothesis on the neutrino nature of ether

Zephir said...

IMO it's worth recalling Wittgenstein's remark on the aether subject. "Tell me," he asked a friend, "why do people always say, it was natural for man to assume that the sun went round the earth rather than that the earth was rotating?" His friend replied, "Well, obviously because it just looks as though the Sun is going round the Earth." Wittgenstein replied, "Well, what would it have looked like if it had looked as though the Earth was rotating?"

We can now ask as well: "How the universe would appear if it had looked like being eternal and infinite and the red shift would be a consequence of the dispersion of light at vacuum fluctuations"?

Apparently, many people today aren't willing to even think about it at all, thus effectively behaving in the same shortsighted way, like the opponents of Galileo in his era.

Orwin said...

Microphonons:
http://physics.aps.org/articles/v4/101?referer=apshome
Surface charge-density waves:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111129112125.htm

Something unexpected:

arXiv:0705.4683: Valley Dependent Optoelectronics from Inversion Symmetry Breaking
Wang Yao, Di Xiao, Qian Niu
Journal-ref: Phys. Rev. B 77, 235406 (2008).

What if space-time packs a (string?) tension, so that gravitational field around any 'mass' forms a well or valley, causing inertia due to the tension?

By the way, Leibniz and Laplace assumed fluid forces and light, disrupted only by Poincare's demonstration of periodicity and chaos in celestial mechanics. So the tradition persisted, and returns from the chaos. Pitkanen dug in on Poincare invariance, and now has a braid algebra and groups, but not yet symmetry reduction.

Zephir said...

Supporting Abstract Relational Space-Time as Fundamental without Doctrinism against Emergence The gist is that even while
refusing, physics and philosophy gain more from ether concepts than from plainly refusing them.

Zephir said...

Mainstream physics still indeed refuses the aether model, but it doesn't prohibits it to use the aether analogies in popular lectures more and more openly.

Zephir said...

Frank Wilczek: A Long View of Particle Physics

Zephir said...

Dramatic scientific evidence that all of physical matter is formed by an aether of invisible, conscious energy has existed since at least the 1950s. Compare the article "Causal mechanics - a Russian scientific controversy" from the first issue (page No. 1073)

Zephir said...

In dense aether model the gravity is macroscopic effect of 4D space-time curvature, but the inertia is the microscopic effect of tiny density fluctuations of vacuum. When you're moving along curved path, then the intensity in which these fluctuations are hitting you from one side is higher, than from the other side, which keeps you in straight path. This effect is apparently independent on the curvature of space-time and presence of massive bodies in it, so it fits the Machian principle. In dense aether model these density fluctuations are the manifestation of the another dimensions of space-time in similar way, like the Brownian noise at the 2D water surface is the manifestation of hidden dimension of the underwater.
Therefore the model which introduces the fifth dimension into general relativity is the step in the right direction - after all, even Einstein attempted for it for the rest of his life. IMO this guy definitelly knows what he's talking about, when he writes, that the Schrodinger's wave equation can be derived in a classical way from the Mach's principle: "We argue, that a quantum aether is consistent with the principle of relativity and can provide an economical way of having an invariant quantum gravity or Planck scale. We also show that it may change the effective scale at which quantum gravity effects may be observable"

Zephir said...

Frank Wilcek: On The Origins of Mass We now see Newtonian mass as an emergent property

Zephir said...

Lee Smolin: You are made of space-time (copy) Frank Wilczek: The Persistence of Aether

Zephir said...

Entropic forces: http://arxiv.org//abs/1001.4965 http://arxiv.org//abs/1008.4147

Zephir said...

Are particles "on" a spacetime background or are they excitations of that background?

Zephir said...

Dewey B. Larson 1978: There is a reciprocal relation between space and time(online lecture)

Zephir said...

A new idea holds that the space-time that makes up our universe is inherently uncertain.

Zephir said...

Human brain, Internet & cosmos: Similar laws at work? The causal network representing the large-scale structure of space and time in our accelerating universe is a graph that shows remarkable similarity to many complex networks such as the Internet, social or even biological networks. BTW Universality in Space Plasmas?
This connection is rather trivial in dense aether model, because the dark matter structures are giant density fluctuations of vacuum driven with the same principle of least action, like the effective sharing of information inside of biological or social networks (compare 1, 2, 3).

Zephir said...

A complex systems research group applies methods used to study particles to economic bubbles and crashes

Zephir said...

If each energy field pervading space is thought of as the surface of a pond, and waves and particles are the turbulence on that surface, then the new evidence strengthens the argument that a vibrant, hidden world lies beneath. Whole the article is about rather old stuff.

Zephir said...

Ilja Schmelzer: Neutrinos as pseudo-acoustic ether phonons

Zephir said...

Universality: which types of physics qualify as ‘fundamental’? In AWT the universal physics is classical mechanics (the Boltzmann gas particle collision dynamics in particular), which applies to human observer scale and it should be considered least ad-hoced and extrapolated from our everyday experience. It's also most universal and easier to extend into another dimensions. The general relativity and quantum mechanics can be perceived as an applications of it (the physics of very large density gradients inside of particle environment)

Zephir said...

According to the philosophical point of view of Einstein, Dirac, Bell, Polyakov, ’t Hooft and few other theorists, there might be some non-material space filling medium enabling the observed physical processes, an Aether, occupying every point in space.
In particular, Gerard 't Hooft conjectured that: “We should not forget that quantum mechanics does not really describe what kind of dynamical phenomena are actually going on, but rather gives us probabilistic results. To me, it seems extremely plausible that any reasonable theory for the dynamics at the Planck scale would lead to processes that are so complicated to describe, that one should expect apparently stochastic fluctuations in any approximation theory describing the effects of all of this at much larger scales. It seems quite reasonable first to try a classical, deterministic theory for the Planck domain. One might speculate then that what we call quantum mechanics today, may be nothing else than an ingenious technique to handle this dynamics statistically..".

Zephir said...

And what the Louis deBroglie wrote about his pilot wave theory (he himself refereed to it a "double solution theory")?
"When in 1923-1924 I had my first ideas about Wave Mechanics I was looking for a truly concrete physical image, valid for all particles, of the wave and particle coexistence discovered by Albert Einstein in his "Theory of light quanta". I had no doubt whatsoever about the physical reality of waves and particles."
"This result may be interpreted by noticing that, in the present theory, the particle is defined as a very small region of the wave where the amplitude is very large, and it therefore seems quite natural that the internal motion rythm of the particle should always be the same as that of the wave at the point where the particle is located."
"I called this relation, which determines the particle's motion in the wave, the guidance formula. It may easily be generalized to the case of an external field acting on the particle. Any particle, even isolated, has to be imagined as in continuous "energetic contact" with a hidden medium.."
"The "energetic contact" with a hidden medium is the state of displacement of the aether. If a hidden sub-quantum medium is assumed, knowledge of its nature would seem desirable. It certainly is of quite complex character. It could not serve as a universal reference medium, as this would be contrary to relativity theory. A moving particle has an associated aether wave."
The sub-quantum medium de Broglie is referring to is the aether. It is not a universal reference medium because a universal reference medium is the aether of Lorentz. The sub-quantum medium de Broglie is referring to is the aether of relativity. It is the aether of relativity because the state of the aether of relativity is determined by its connections with the matter and the state of the aether in neighboring places is the state of displacement of the aether.

Zephir said...

The quantum vacuum as the origin of the speed of light (preprint, claimed plagiacy of the Quantum Ring Theory, published in 2006 by W. Guglinski)

Zephir said...

In the case of the ideal gas, this dimensionful quantity involves the ‘thermal de Broglie wavelength’ of the particles in the gas. And this brings Planck’s constant into the game, even though we’re not doing quantum mechanics: we’re studying the statistical mechanics of a classical ideal gas! That’s weird and interesting...
After all, Max Planck derived his law just by applying thermodynamical statistics of Boltzmann gas to a large system of coupled oscillators before one hundreds of years - so that these guys are sorta reinventing wheel here..

Zephir said...

Cosmological Data Hint at a Level of Physics Underlying Quantum Mechanics: Compare the article "Ether returns to oust dark matter " (New Scientist, August 2012). Louis de Broglie was indeed an aetherist too and he stated: "Any particle, even isolated, has to be imagined as in continuous “energetic contact” with a hidden medium". This hypothesis was brought forward some forty years later by Bohm and Vigier, who named this invisible environment the "subquantum medium". It can shown, that the de Broglie waves can be derived as real collective Markov processes on the top of Dirac's aether. So far we already have entropic theory of gravity and quantum mechanics, based on Boltzmann gas concept. We already have water surface models of quantum mechanics. It's just a matter of time, when this model will be exploited geometrodynamically, i.e. not just with steady-state models based on entropic balance. The trend of contemporary physics is therefore quite apparent.

Zephir said...

David Z Albert: Bohm’s Alternative to Quantum Mechanics vs Bohmian mechanics contradicts quantum mechanics This theory, ignored for most of the past four decades, challenges the probabilistic, subjectivist picture of reality implicit in the standard formulation of quantum mechanics.

Zephir said...

There are no particles, there are only fields, 200-word letter to the editor

Zephir said...

A Universe Made of Tiny, Random Chunks

Zephir said...

Emergent quantum mechanics of finances: In this work the quantum mechanical equations are derived just from geometry of Brownian motion. We also know abouthydrodynamical analogies of quantum mechanics

Zephir said...

Myšlenku hierarchické kosmologie, kterou bychom nyní nazvali teorií fraktální kosmologie, navrhl v roce 1908 Carl Charlier

Zephir said...

The Laughlin's proposal is not that space-time should be “deleted”, just that space-time is emergent from something else. We have encountered numerous emergent phenomena in other areas of physics. See http://vimeo.com/6588063

Zephir said...

It is not Higgs - The basic concepts, principles and statements of the electroweak and the quark-gluon theories and the
theory of gravitation are deduced from properties of the point-like events probabilities. Higgs, strings, Dark Energy and Dark Matter are not required.

Zephir said...

Einstein: Ether and Relativity http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Extras/Einstein_ether.html
"Think of waves on the surface of water. Here we can describe two entirely different things. Either we may observe how the undulatory surface forming the boundary between water and air alters in the course of time; or else-with the help of small floats, for instance - we can observe how the position of the separate particles of water alters in the course of time. If the existence of such floats for tracking the motion of the particles of a fluid were a fundamental impossibility in physics - if, in fact nothing else whatever were observable than the shape of the space occupied by the water as it varies in time, we should have no ground for the assumption that water consists of movable particles. But all the same we could characterise it as a medium."

Zephir said...

"The word 'ether' has extremely negative connotations in theoretical physics because of its past association with opposition to relativity. This is unfortunate because, stripped of these connotations, it rather nicely captures the way most physicists actually think about the vacuum. . . . Relativity actually says nothing about the existence or nonexistence of matter pervading the universe, only that any such matter must have relativistic symmetry. [..] It turns out that such matter exists. About the time relativity was becoming accepted, studies of radioactivity began showing that the empty vacuum of space had spectroscopic structure similar to that of ordinary quantum solids and fluids. Subsequent studies with large particle accelerators have now led us to understand that space is more like a piece of window glass than ideal Newtonian emptiness. It is filled with 'stuff' that is normally transparent but can be made visible by hitting it sufficiently hard to knock out a part. The modern concept of the vacuum of space, confirmed every day by experiment, is a relativistic ether. But we do not call it this because it is taboo." - - Robert B. Laughlin, Nobel Laureate in Physics, endowed chair in physics, Stanford University
"any particle, even isolated, has to be imagined as in continuous “energetic contact” with a hidden medium ... If a hidden sub-quantum medium is assumed, knowledge of its nature would seem desirable. It certainly is of quite complex character. It could not serve as a universal reference medium, as this would be contrary to relativity theory." - Louis de Broglie, Nobel Laureate in Physics
"More careful reflection teaches us however, that the special theory of relativity does not compel us to deny ether. We may assume the existence of an ether; only we must give up ascribing a definite state of motion to it, i.e. we must by abstraction take from it the last mechanical characteristic which Lorentz had still left it... According to the general theory of relativity space without ether is unthinkable; for in such space there not only would be no propagation of light, but also no possibility of existence for standards of space and time (measuring-rods and clocks), nor therefore any space-time intervals in the physical sense." - Albert Einstein, Nobel Laureate in Physics
"Think of waves on the surface of water. Here we can describe two entirely different things. Either we may observe how the undulatory surface forming the boundary between water and air alters in the course of time; or else-with the help of small floats, for instance - we can observe how the position of the separate particles of water alters in the course of time. If the existence of such floats for tracking the motion of the particles of a fluid were a fundamental impossibility in physics - if, in fact nothing else whatever were observable than the shape of the space occupied by the water as it varies in time, we should have no ground for the assumption that water consists of movable particles. But all the same we could characterise it as a medium. It may be added that the whole change in the conception of the ether which the special theory of relativity brought about, consisted in taking away from the ether its last mechanical quality, namely, its immobility."

Zephir said...

Why bouncing droplets are a pretty good model of quantum mechanics. Ross Anderson: “I think it's potentially one of the most high-impact things I've ever done,” he says, “If we're right, and reality is fluid-mechanical at the deepest level, this changes everything. It consigns string theory and multiple universes to the dustbin.

Zephir said...

Emergent geometry: The duality between gravity and quantum field theory

Zephir said...

Analogue gravity review Gravity models are often based on condensed-matter-like approaches in which space-time is a kind of condensate. The background obeys the equation of whatever fluid or material you’ve used.

Zephir said...

Wikipedia writes: ..."By analogy to mechanical waves, physicists assumed that electromagnetic waves required a medium for propagation, and hypothesized the aether. Aether was thought to be a fluid which was transparent, non-dispersive, incompressible, continuous, and without viscosity. This idea of an aether has since been rejected by the vast majority of scientists"... End of cite.
So that the superfluid space-time is an 19th century aether by existing encyclopedia and whole definition of it. It's only different name for it, because all properties fit. It's just too slippery for being detected in Michelson-Morley experiment. The 19th century scientists were not aware of superfluidity phenomena, so that they believed, that the aether must be viscous at least a bit. The negative result of M-M experiment was therefore considered as an ultimate refusal of aether. Butfrom 1938 we know, that this state of matter can exist.
Apparently, the superfluous space-time can model the quantum mechanics too. I presume that it's superfluidity arises from the fact, it's in neverending trembling motion like the sand dust mildly shaken inside of vessel. The particles traveling through such an environment indeed lose their energy due to scattering, but they regain this energy back from impacts of aether particles. Analogously, the pilot-wave dynamics of walking droplets works only because the water surface in this experiment is in perpetual vibrations. Once the water undulations stop, the whole system collapses.

Zephir said...

So that the superfluid space-time is an 19th century aether by existing encyclopedia and whole definition of it. It's only different name for it, because all properties fit. It's just too slippery for being detected in Michelson-Morley experiment. The 19th century scientists were not aware of superfluidity phenomena, so that they believed, that the aether must be viscous at least a bit. The negative result of M-M experiment was therefore considered as an ultimate refusal of aether. But [from 1938 we know](http://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/200601/history.cfm), that this state of matter can exist.
Apparently, the superfluous space-time [can model](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nmC0ygr08tE) the quantum mechanics too. I presume that it's superfluidity arises from the fact, it's in neverending trembling motion like the sand dust mildly shaken inside of vessel. The particles traveling through such an environment indeed lose their energy due to scattering, but they regain this energy back from impacts of aether particles. Analogously, the pilot-wave dynamics of walking droplets works only because the water surface in this experiment is in perpetual vibrations. Once the water undulations stop, the whole system collapses.

Zephir said...

We have shown that there exist very physical configurations of an ideal fluid which give rise to solutions of the Einstein equations that correspond asymptotically to negative mass Schwarzschild-de Sitter space times. The energy-momentum tensor that gives rise to such space times is perfectly physical, it every- where satisfies the dominant energy condition. Since the space time is not asymptotically flat, we evade the posi- tive energy theorems which would not allow for negative mass. Negative mass configurations therefore can exist in de Sitter backgrounds..
It's a nice application of dense aether model, after then.. After all, such a "mass" was already observed and it's called the dark matter. The typical property of dark matter is, it's repelled by itself.